Editor’s Note: The preservation of finds is every detectorist’s responsibility. Proper cleaning can be an important part of that process, but whatever the method, it should always be accompanied by appropriate caution. First practice on items of little or no value until you have perfected your technique and are confident that it can be safely employed to good effect on better finds. Remember, too, that results may not be reversible; and for that and other reasons, many collectors and conservators may prefer that certain items remain uncleaned. There is excellent information in the following article. Please use it wisely and well. One of the most common “keepers” metal detectorists dig is buttons. This is especially true at sites which predate the turn of the 20th century. Most of these fall into one of several types: one-piece flat buttons, two-piece buttons, pewter buttons, or tombac buttons.
These pages take a look at the backs of brass buttons to see who made them. I am no expert on buttons, especially the faces but welcome additional information and photos regarding makers. Questions should be directed elsewhere to expert ‘Button Collectors’.
Our Collectable Buttons Most of our uniform buttons are British or British Commonwealth from to the present – we have some even older antique buttons.
Wood screws are one of the least understood clues in establishing the date and authenticity of antique furniture. They are especially valuable for dating country and primitive furniture. The stylistic techniques used to date formal furniture such as Chippendale and Hepplewhite simply do not work for American country and primitive furniture; screws can tell a story about the history of a piece. Wooden screws — screws made from wood — date from antiquity. Metal wood screws — for fastening into wood — appear to have originated in the 15th century.
Screws are relative newcomers to the production of furniture and did not become a common woodworking fastener until more efficient tools were developed around the end of the 18th century. As furniture increased in complexity and sophistication, and the use of brass hardware, locks and concealed hinges became more popular, there was a need for a fastener that could hold two surfaces together without having to penetrate the back surface of the second piece.
Early screws differ significantly from their modern equivalents, both in how they look and how they were produced. Handmade screws of the 18th century started out much as the handmade nails of the period did, as square iron nail stock produced in a rolling mill. In the American colonies, these iron rolling mills existed all along the Atlantic coastline, turning out nail stock for the blacksmiths in the growing settlements.
Many times, the smith who made the nails occasionally made screws, leaving personal traces of the maker.
Concern has echoed throughout the male ranks of the fleet. It’s not concern for their pay they voice, nor complaints of the demanding work load they endure. These guardians of the seas feel threatened by a rumored change in Navy policy – a change that would strike them “below the belt.
Re: Flat button dating? i agree with hank, he knows his buttons. best find – George Washington Inaugural button x 2 6 colonial copper.
Jamie loves writing about DIY projects, decorating on a budget, craft ideas, and creative ways to reuse and upcycle products. I recently purchased 10 pounds of vintage buttons. The seller said they were old, but I didn’t realize just how old they were. There were many yellow and brown toned buttons that I am pretty sure used to be white. There were buttons ripped off of old clothes, and the small ripped pieces of fabric definitely looked to be from decades past.
There were a few that had cracked apart. It looked like they somehow disintegrated and they had broken off in these weird clumps. There were some that were glass, cloth-covered, metal and lots and lots of them made from plastic. Needless to say, I have been on a mission to identify and learn about the materials these buttons are made of, and I’ve learned lots of great stuff!
My passion is to study flat gilt civilian buttons made during the late 18th and early 19th century. This also helps me tightly date the year of production. Below is be a sampling of my research into these lesser known merchants who produced commonly found dandy design or plain obverse gilt buttons. I measure button blank thickness, button shank wire thickness and type of shank, diameter, the finish or coating if any I.
Eventually when I record a closely dated baseline of Button-maker marked buttons , and the OPMGs, as well as standard Quality marked buttons, and comparet them , I may be able to narrow down the dating of Plain Gilt Quality marked buttons by physical characteristics. The late 18 th and early 19thc were times of explosive technological growth, the metal rolling technology and other button making technologies changed every few years, the button blank thickness increased from the late 18 th century as the button diameter decreased.
) ; 1 date letter a for / 37 ; leopard ‘ s head ; lion passant. The finial is composed of a turned wooden button attached by means of a threaded task of dating ; see Wynyard R. T. Wilkinson, Indian Colonial Silver: European body at the lip ; it has a flat triangular cover attached by means of a five – part hinge.
It can be difficult to determine a date based on the clothing of farmers in an historic image. Their clothing was functional, not fashionable, and changed little over the years. However, a few small details can be observed in the evolution of the farmer’s attire that can give a relatively rough date. Below are several representative images of farmers from the mid th century through the mid th century. During the 19 th century, sack coats worn by the man on the left , button down shirts, and soft, felt hats, usually wide-brimmed, were frequently worn.
The men in the image below, which dates from the s, wear overalls, but they were not as commonly worn until around the s. What stands out in the late 19 th century images below are the soft, felt hats and sack coats worn by most of the men. The images below date from the early 20 th century. Note the overalls and the pants held up by suspenders. The men all appear to wear button down shirts and soft, felt hats.
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My passion is to study flat gilt civilian buttons made during the late 18th and early 19th the dating of Plain Gilt Quality marked buttons by physical characteristics. The button blank thickness is approximately double the average dug Colonial.
Official Title: to — The Train of Artillery. The Royal Irish Artillery also had their own design of button up until amalgamation with the Royal Regiment of Artillery in A cannon on its carriage pointing right with a pile of shot stacked under the barrel. Above: The shield of the Board of Ordnance:- three left pointing cannons stacked vertically on a horizontally striated shield. The upper part of the shield divided and containing three cannon balls.
Below: Bronze other ranks version, flat construction, no backmark. Below: post type: A garter strap inscribed Royal Regt.
Join Us on Facebook! Related Links. Bust facing left. Caroline was widely mourned at her death and her husband George II refused to re-marry. Obviously a mourning button worn by a soldier at the Fort. Clear portrait and partial legend quite enough to identify the portrait.
sites in the eastern United States and gives date ranges and specific identifying features 1YQry has been carved and inlaid as buttons since precolonial times. Woven thread flat or piled over a metal or bone ring; British cottage industry.
A Medieval to Post Medieval copper alloy heart-shaped button. The button has a central trough, close diagonal line infill and an integral loop. Read no. AD — c. AD Length: Weight: 3. The button is discoidal and solid with a convex front and flat back. At the front it is. A copper-alloy button of probable Late Medieval to early post-Medieval date.
The head of the button is roughly hemispherical and of solid construction. At the centre of the reverse is an integral loop. The surfaces. A completed search on the Scheme database.
The button—with its self-contained roundness and infinite variability—has a quiet perfection to it. Running a cascade of buttons through your fingers feels satisfyingly heavy, like coins or candy; their clicking whoosh and blur of colors lull you. A button packs an extraordinary amount of information about a given time and place—its provenance—onto a crowded little canvas.
Replace old or faulty push button switches with an authentically reproduced antique push button light switch. Features mother-of-pearl inlay and complies with.
Sewing needles, along with the oldest thimbles in recorded history, were found in the tomb of a government official from the Han Dynasty. Even in ancient history, sewing was an important part of life— and more advanced than we might think. Due to the Crusades, Europeans encountered many other cultures. As a result, Europeans began using buttons and button holes to fasten their clothing.
Soon after, buttons became a driving force in the clothing industry in Europe. In , cotton thread was spun by machinery in England. No record of any machine to accompany the needle has ever been found, but this is recognized as one of the first events that would culminate in the sewing machine. By all accounts, Betsy Ross was an expert tailor and seamstress. By , she was a widow running her own upholstery business. In late May or early June of , she finished sewing the first American flag.
Thomas Saint also built plans for his machine, which were not discovered until the s. It would not work without modification, but it was an important step on the road to the sewing machine. It is only after several able inventors have failed in attempt, that someone with the mental power to combine the efforts of others with his own, at last produces a machine that is practicable.